The environmental effects of the tests are numerous. Geologists believe that the tests have not only caused a decline in ground water but have also contaminated both surface and ground waters. Consequently, the contaminated water is not suitable for human consumption or even farming and ranching. Global climate change, resulting in water scarcity, has already plagued the entire region. Open-pit metal mining at the nearby Saindak/Reko Diq mining field is an additional factor to pollute the environment.